What is a wart?
Warts are a viral infection of the skin caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). They can appear anywhere on the skin but are more common in areas of minor breaks or open skin.
On the soles of the feet, warts are called "plantar warts". Similarly warts on the palms may be termed "palmar warts". Sometimes they may appear in clusters referred to as mosaic warts or may be minimally elevated flat warts. In women genital warts in the cervical area may lead to cervical cancer.
Since warts are an infection they may occasionally be passed from person to person by direct contact. Warts may also spontaneously resolve without treatment.
How to treat warts:
There are many treatment options for warts. Depending on the size and location of the warts multiple treatments may be necessary. Over the counter gels and patches can be used that contain salicylic acid which is a peeling agent. The most common in office treatment is cryotherapy or freezing with liquid nitrogen.
Warts have a tendency to return, so repeated treatments may be necessary. There are additional treatment options for warts that are widespread, do not respond well to standard treatments, or keep returning.
Warts may go unrecognized or misdiagnosed as callus, corns or moles. If you’re unsure if you have warts or what treatment may be most appropriate you should consult with your doctor.
Moles are pigmented skin growths medically known as nevi. Moles are usually brown but can vary in color (skin colored to pink to light brown to dark brown to blue to black). Moles can be present at birth, but most moles develop during childhood until the age of 20. Some people have many more moles than others—the average person has 10- 40 moles.
Moles are made of cells called melanocytes. Melanocytes are found scattered throughout our skin and are the cells that make our skin become tan by generating a pigment called melanin. A mole is made of many melanocyte cells clustered together. When a mole becomes cancer it is called melanoma.
What is normal for a mole?
When should I be concerned about a mole?
How is a mole evaluated by your family doctor?
What happens after a biopsy?
What should I do at home for prevention?
What if I have a mole that I want removed?